What is Blood Pressure

Updated: May 31

The arteries carry blood from the heart to other parts of our body. When the heart pumps blood through the arteries, the blood puts pressure on the artery walls, this is known as blood pressure. It is an important force because, it enables the blood to flow around the circulatory system, and provide oxygen and nutrients delivered through our arteries to our tissues and organs. It is also vital because it delivers white blood cells and antibodies for immunity and hormones such as insulin.


Blood pressure is measured using two numbers:


i) Systolic blood pressure; measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats.

ii) Diastolic blood pressure; measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.


Blood pressure is written with the systolic blood pressure first, followed by the diastolic blood pressure (for example 120/80).


Types of blood pressure


Our blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, the common parameters are;


A) Normal blood pressure


A normal blood pressure level is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80 mmHg. Once the levels start fluctuating, blood pressure either turns high or low.


B) High blood pressure


It often occurs when the individual follows an unhealthy lifestyle, practices smoking, drinking, is very overweight and does not exercise. If left untreated, it can lead to a number of serious long-term health conditions, such as coronary heart disease and kidney disease. It is considered to be above 140/90 and during severe conditions it ranges above 180/20mmHg.


C) Low blood pressure


Very less people suffer from it, some medicines can cause low blood pressure as a side effect. It can occur due to some health conditions like heart failure and dehydration. It is considered to be below 90/60mmHg.


Causes of Blood Pressure


Blood pressure usually develops over time. It can occur because of:


· Family history/ Genetics

· Unhealthy lifestyle and little or no physical activity.

· Intake of excessive amount of salt.

· Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and obesity

· Pregnancy.


Symptoms of Blood Pressure


Blood pressure usually has no warning signs and many people do not know what kind of blood pressure issues they are facing. However, blood pressure can become dangerously high and it can get suddenly low too.


Some common symptoms are:


· Blurry or double vision

· Fainting and fatigue

· Headache

· Heart palpitation and shortness of breath

· Nose bleeding

· Nausea and vomiting


Preventive Measures For Blood Pressure


Both high and low blood pressure are a dangerous sign and can impact our heart, either in the form of heart diseases and strokes. But there are a number of preventive measures which can help monitor the blood pressure level and keep our health live a healthy life.


i) Regular brisk walk and exercise.

ii) Eat more potassium-rich food and lessen down sodium intake.

iii) Reduce the frequency of smoking and alcohol.

iv) Monitor the amount of caffeine intake and reduce sugary food.

v) Loose weight and learn to manage stress.

vi) Practice meditation and yoga.


In order to increase our life span, we all must provide proper care and nourishment to our heart. By implementing regular exercise, simple yoga, maintaining a healthy diet and positive lifestyle we can live a healthy happy heart life. Plus adding a small amount of dietary supplement in our schedule will help us receive the essential nutrients which our body is currently lacking.


One such health supplement is Rizumu Capsules’, a dietary friend of cardiac system for happy beats. This capsule is a purely herbal supplement for heart care and promotes healthy cardiac functioning, normalizes high blood pressure, reduces platelet aggregation and blood lipid levels. It’s prescribed by doctors and is really very effective for cardiac patients. With standardized extracts of Arjuna, Turmeric, Methi, Garlic, Cinnamon, Tulsi, Green Tea, Quercetin Gokharu, Betel, Black Pepper and Triphala the capsules help reduce the fluctuation of blood pressure levels, reduces the chances of heart diseases and lead our way toward a heart-healthy life.