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What is Cancer? Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Treatment, and Types of Cancer

Updated: Jul 7, 2022

Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the world, it’s a severe disease in which development of abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy normal body tissue and ultimately spread to other parts of the body. The cells in our body have specific functioning and a fixed lifespan. Once the role of a particular cells gets over, it receives instructions to die so that it can be replaced with a new proper functioning cell. Cancerous cells lack the ability to instruct cells to die, thus due to improper functioning they keep building up, continuously use body nutrients and oxygen and keep nourishing the cells. Ultimately, they form tumours, impair the immune system and disturb the proper functioning of the body.

Types of Cancer

Cancerous cells may appear in one area, some types of cancer cause rapid cell growth, while others cause cells to grow and divide at a slower rate. There are more than 200 types of cancer, some common ones are: -

i) Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs.

ii) Sarcoma: Cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.

iii) Leukemia: Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood.

iv) Lymphoma and myeloma: Cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.

v) Central nervous system cancers: Cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.

Causes of Cancer

There are varied causes of cancer, and some are preventable.

  • Excessive smoking, heavy alcohol and tobacco consumption.

  • Excess body weight and lack of physical inactivity

  • Poor nutrition and lifestyle.

  • Genetic factors.

  • Chronic inflammation and hormonal changes.

Symptoms of Cancer

Symptoms and signs depend on the type of cancer and where the cancer cells have spread. Some patients show no signs or symptoms until the cancer is far advanced.

Common symptoms are:

  • Change in bowel or bladder habits

  • A sore throat that does not heal

  • Unusual bleeding or discharge

  • Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles etc.

  • Chronic indigestion or difficulty swallowing

  • Change in the size, colour, shape, or thickness of a wart or mole

  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.

  • Unexplained loss of weight or loss of appetite.

  • Pain in the bones or other parts of the body.

  • Persistent fatigue, nausea or vomiting.

  • Unexplained low-grade fevers and recurring infections

  • Chest pain and short of breath

  • Blood during coughing.

Preventive Measures for Cancer

Simple lifestyle changes and following some basic cancer-prevention tips can save us from the deadly disease.

i) Avoid using tobacco products.

ii) Maintain a healthy diet

iii) Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.

iv) Protect skin from direct sunrays.

v) Avoid unprotected sex

vi) Get proper hepatitis B and hepatitis C vaccination.

vii) Get regular medical check-up

Cancer is not just one disease but a cluster of many diseases. Genetic factors and lifestyle choices can contribute to the development of the disease. But, some simple lifestyle changes plus following a good diet can help us stay away from cancer. Plus adding a small amount of dietary supplement in our schedule will help us receive the essential nutrients which our body is currently lacking. One such health supplement is ‘Rubato Capsules’, a purely herbal supplement specifically designed for cancer patient care.

The capsules improve survival chances, strengthens quality of cancer patients lives, boosts immune system, prevents cancer and it’s spread by helping destruction of tumour cells. With best standardized extracts of Turmeric, Ashwagandha, Green tea, Korean Ginseng, Manjiahtha, Black Pepper, Kokum, Malabar Spinach and Quercetin Triplala the capsules reduce the growth of abnormal cells and acts as a body safeguard against the deadly cancer.


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